Modelling Weak-Coherent CV-QKD Systems Using a Classical Simulation Framework

Modelling Weak-Coherent CV-QKD Systems Using a Classical Simulation Framework

Sören Kreinberg, Igor Koltchanov, Piotr Novik, Saleem Alreesh, Fabian Laudenbach, Christoph Pacher, Hannes Hübel, André Richter.

Due to their compatibility to existing telecom technology, continuous variable (CV) weak coherent state protocols are promising candidates for a broad deployment of quantum key distribution (QKD) technology. We demonstrate how an existing simulation framework for modelling classical optical systems can be utilized for simulations of weak-coherent CV-QKD links. The quantum uncertainties for the measured characteristics of coherent signals are modelled in the electrical domain by shot noise, while a coherent signal in the optical domain is described by its quadrature components. We simulate various degradation effects such as attenuation, laser RIN, Raman noise (from classical channels in the same fibre), and device imperfections and compare the outcome with analytical theory. Having complemented the physical simulation layer by the post-processing layer (reconciliation and privacy amplification), we are able to estimate secure key rates from simulations, greatly boosting the development speed of practical CV-QKD schemes and implementations.

21st International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks ICTON 2019 (

Place and Date
Angers, France, July 9-13, 2019